|Choke pump manufacturing enterprises the status quo and the future development direction|
The world, including China's medium and heavy trucks use diesel power almost 100 percent. Light trucks more than 50 per cent in the diesel engine is used. From the beginning of the 1990s, production of cars in Europe have diesel engines by 30 percent, is now close to 40 per cent. And the performance of diesel engine emissions and the greatest impact is the fuel injection system components. Fuel Injection System, commonly known as pumps mouth is the heart of diesel engine components. Because of its product to seal hundreds of Palestinian or even higher pressure fuel, and also its precise control of fuel injection, injection timing, therefore, its manufacturing high precision. As China gradually to implement vehicle emissions stringent emission standards, fuel injection system has put forward higher requirements, injection pressure has been raised to 1000-1600 Palestinian control will require refinement to the control of fuel injection, a fuel injection control in the process of repeatedly spraying Therefore, the electronic control system is an irreversible trend. Fuel Injection Device Control System is the entire automotive electronic control of the foundation and core. Therefore, in the future fuel injection system is a high-precision processing technology, e-NC technology in the integration of high-tech products, from labor-intensive industries and technology-intensive to technology-intensive, capital-intensive industries change, in the face of this situation. China's fuel injection system industry is experiencing a severe changes.
1. industry status and competition pattern
China's fuel injection system since liberation industry has made tremendous development. From scratch, in the early 1990s, China has set up throughout the country dozens of pumps Choke plant, a long-term product supply, entrepreneurs, home profits. However, due to scattered layout and production of a small scale, backward technology, and lags far behind that of foreign countries. Along with the gradual establishment of a market economy, industry in the past 10 years in a fierce turmoil and division. Differentiation trend in the industry is low technology content of the labor-intensive products, its market gradually been occupied private enterprises, and the higher levels of technology and technology-intensive products, and gradually to focus on a handful of key enterprises. In this trend, some enterprises have been struggling, especially under the planned economic system in the 60th century was built in the 1970s to the size of the original three-mechanical backbone of the enterprise, such as River, Jinjiang, Hubei, Anhui pump Choke plant As is located in the Mainland, poor information, and personnel留不住, new product falters, personnel, baggage weight, or bankruptcy or restructuring, merger or At the same time, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shandong coastal areas, a rise of approved private enterprises, such as Zhejiang-Ma, Kai-sing, Wilson, Jiangsu Golden bamboo, giant can, and so on, as well as some of the original After restructuring of state-owned enterprises to private or private joint-stock enterprises, such as Shandong Hong Tat, such as Ningbo Shuntian. This coupled with the dozens of enterprises specializing in the production of semi-finished hair embryo and private enterprises, private enterprises have become an important force in the industry. Some enterprises have been interference technology-intensive products. In the industry leader in the production of the status of the backbone enterprises of high-tech products, including Wuxi Weifu, Shanghai Yi Yi, Hengyang Nanyue, Longkou in Shandong, Nanjing and Beijing Jin Ningqiu Weifu Tianwei that several enterprises, with its output value and profit more than 60-70% of the entire industry. Some medium-sized enterprises, relying on strict management, and the cheap labor and better quality, in recent years has been achieved better economic results, such as Shandong Xin Asia, Heze, stars, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, such as pumps Choke Sihong plant. At present fuel systems industry 70 (not including the large and medium-sized pump Choke rough parts of the plant for the small private enterprises), the entire industry has a total workforce of 40,000 people, the 2003 annual sales of 4.19 billion yuan income than in 2002 4.12 billion yuan of 1.7 percent growth. 2003 industry-wide multi-cylinder fuel injection pump produced a total of 1.973 million units, and the 2002-1988000 dropped 0.75 percent three-and 82.48 million, in 2002 increased by 78.215 million 5.5%. 2003 heavy-duty trucks to meet with the P-type pump (including PW, P7, PB, PN, P7100, etc.) amounted to 480,000 units, and in 2002 the 458,000-an increase of 4.8 per cent in 2003 VE distribution pump output soared to 77,000 units, and in 2002 the 51,200-an increase of 50 per cent, domestic VE pump because of increased distribution of the technological transformation efforts and continuously improve product quality, are gradually replace imported products to capture light truck market.
Second, market analysis
China's fuel injection system products there have always been two markets: one is the engine supporting markets, products directly with the engine, which is the dominant market, the industry product development play a decisive impact on the direction of the market and the other is the maintenance accessories market to meet throughout Choke of the urban and rural pump repair needs, which is subordinate to the secondary market. From the market and matching engine, fuel injection system products are mainly used in automotive engines. Multi-cylinder pump 80%-hole injector 90% for automotive diesel engines are complementary. Therefore, the fuel injection system with auto industry is mainly truck the development of institutional development. Diesel vehicles and high-tech products are matching requirements of the products. So all the focus on key enterprises in the manufacturing sector, but also in industries with new products, new services target. Fuel Injection System products are complementary to other farm machinery, engineering machinery and marine diesel locomotive. Farm Machinery Products In recent years, large and medium-sized tractors output is declining. The proportion has dropped significantly. Construction machinery fuel system products and technical requirements of heavy-duty trucks with products closer. Marine and locomotive products less fuel injection system, but species complex, by ships and locomotives specifically for the manufacturers or service enterprises workshop production.
Maintenance accessories from the market, due to poor conditions of the use of diesel engines, diesel sulphur and miscellaneous high quality, pumps Choke product quality and reliability with foreign brands still lag, in the car or during the use of the diesel engine fuel injection system will generally for maintenance and replacement of the plunger, filling valve nozzle for precision dual three pieces. Although in recent years have significantly improved product reliability, conditions gradually improved, but because motor vehicles and diesel increase in the volume of tenure, maintenance accessories market is still a big market. Industry production of the three dual more than 50 percent of production for maintenance, which is the industry in the small enterprises, and private enterprises rely on the survival of the market. At present the urban and rural areas across the country pump maintenance Choke points are self-employed, they generally use lower prices, not a long life-and three pairs to get more profit and maintaining its shorter maintenance cycle, increasing replacement of three-and the number of , and that the pump fake and shoddy products mouth opened a channel.
Third, dynamic product development
Fuel Injection System product development around the implementation of the national vehicle emission standards advance. Fuel injection system is to improve vehicle diesel engine emissions, reduce fuel consumption and improve performance the most effective, and the most critical component. In recent years China's Highway, the rapid development of high-grade highway, medium and heavy-duty trucks tonnage, power continuously improve, increasing diesel engine emissions. Corresponding to this, the multi-cylinder high-pressure injection pump in the jet, the ability to work, the body rigid good P-type pump (including the P7, PW, PN, PB) to increase output soon. 2000, the P-type pump output to 81,800 Taiwan, in 2001 reached 172,600 Taiwan, doubled in 2002 to 458,000 Taiwan also more than doubled in 2003 480,000 Taiwan, greatly slowing down the increase. , Compared with the A lower injection pressure, injection pump AD, 535,000 from 2002 to 2003 audience 41.7 million, a decrease of 22%. 1960s design for the production of light trucks and farm vehicles, low-pressure spray pump, I pump, the output from its peak in 1996 when nearly 50 million units in 2003 fell to 30 million, or 40%. Nanjing Weifu Jin Ning VE distribution pump production from 2000 to 1.19 million units in 2001 to 325 million units in 2002, 5.12 million units in 2003 to 7.7 million units. Within three years to increase the output of 5.5 times. At present, the injection pressure of 100 Mpa, and the ability to work more P7100 fuel pump, Ⅱ is to meet European emission standards for heavy truck engines is the key component. In the last 2-3 years, the yield will increase rapidly. Products from the pace of development in recent years, the fuel injection system in the industry can produce a product of decades of history will come to an end, speed up product updates cycle, which is the fuel injection system the challenges facing the industry.
4 Market Forecast and Industry Outlook
As the pace of development of China's truck will not develop as fast as cars, fuel injection system products in the next few years, its size there will be no breakthrough, but every year will still be about 10% of the increase in speed. It is worth noting is that when diesel cars in China to have developed by leaps and bounds. Currently, some car production enterprises and the engine manufacturers in the planning, development of diesel engine for passenger car. Once achieve mass production of diesel cars, the corresponding output of the fuel injection system will be sudden growth.
We look to the future of the industry, can be predicted:
1. Industry leading products to the further concentration of large enterprises
As the auto ancillary requirements of the fuel injection system products to high injection pressure, the direction of the development of electronic control, fuel injection system being technology-intensive sectors of industry development, high-precision equipment investment and technology development costs increased proportion, and this small investment , insufficient technical strength of small businesses is a rigorous test. With the automobile accessory to a set of strict technical certification process, will promote the fuel injection system to the industry leading products focus on large enterprises. Under the planned economic system can not solve the scattered layout of the production situation will be possible completely resolved. Private and small enterprises occupy those technologies will further lower the content of the products.
2. Product will be a single type of monomer multi-cylinder inline pump to pump, pump nozzle and the development of common rail systems
50 years since the founding of New China, in addition to farm small-bore single cylinder pumps, multi-cylinder diesel engine vehicle has been used as a multi-cylinder inline pump dominant products, almost no other fuel injection system. The only exception is that Cummins PT fuel injection system, every year only about 3000 for the introduction of heavy vehicles with Cummins N, K series engine. With cars to high power, low emission direction of China First Automobile Group Corporation, has been introduced by the German company it is the engine, the aircraft home monomer using high pump fuel injection system, the annual output will gradually reach 3-5 million units. Guangxi Yulin Diesel Engine plant is also used to develop electronically controlled fuel injection system monomer pump diesel engine vehicles for emission standards to Euro Ⅲ. Some major automobile companies are developing high-power diesel engine vehicles will be used box-monomer synthesis pump, for large and medium-sized power motor pump diesel engine monomer future China will become another fuel-injection system products. At the same time, Wuxi Diesel Engine Works, FAW, Shanghai Diesel Engine Factory and other well-known manufacturer is developing electricity controlled common rail injection system engine to meet the Euro Ⅲ emissions regulations. Therefore, the multi-cylinder diesel engine using a single multi-cylinder inline pump situation will be broken.
3. Electronic fuel injection system in the next 5-10 years will be the rapid development
China plans to implement the EU in 2008 Ⅳ vehicle emission regulations. To that end will be higher injection pressure, injection control requirements are also higher, and there must also be a corresponding exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) and exhaust after-treatment technology, must be used for electronic control of fuel injection system. Can be predicted that the pump power control unit, electronically controlled common rail fuel injection system in the next few years will be rapid development. China's major automobile enterprises and large enterprises and the engine fuel injection system enterprises with foreign enterprises in the negotiations, to consider what form of introduction or co-production, control engine. Some domestic institutions of higher learning and enterprises are to carry out pilot studies into force. FAW Wuxi Institute pump Choke on a number of high-level personnel for scientific and technological experiments and research, looking for Electronic Fuel Injection System autonomous development, is now making significant short-term achievements. Sichuan Hewitt electronically controlled fuel injection companies are committed to the development of electronically controlled fuel injection system products.
4. China's fuel injection system industry is faced with large foreign corporations fierce challenge
2003 World famous fuel injection system manufacturers - German Bosch company and the country's largest fuel injection system manufacturers - Wuxi Weifu Group formally signed in Wuxi zone established large-scale production of fuel injection systems products joint venture total investment of 360 million euros (about 3.6 billion yuan). Bosch holding company, is the dominant fuel injection HVAC products, and the nozzle-and electronically controlled fuel injection system. Since the joint venture based on advanced technologies, the development of the rich German Bosch company, they also have great size of the investment, attempt to monopolize the fuel injection system of China's future market, China's fuel injection system industry faces challenges, existing enterprises in the industry may a life-and-death danger. Japan's Denso Corp. in a joint venture with Shanghai Yi Yi has set up the Shanghai East peacekeeping pump Choke, Delphi Corp. for the United States in China wholly-owned or joint-venture enterprises, which will enable our industry worse fuel injection system. If we do not have their own Electronic Fuel Injection System products, not to their own advantage (for example, lower prices, better service system) in the domestic market, a place, in the 10-15 years after the existing fuel injection the original enterprise system has been unable to maintain reproduction products, from enterprises to eliminate shrinkage, which is not alarmist. The fuel injection system and industries related to automotive engines and the automobile industry, and the engine is also related to the military vehicles, ships, locomotives, construction machinery industry, related to the healthy development of China's national economy a major event. We absolutely can not afford.